Hierarchy and Bhoodan Movement
Saint Vinoba identified himself with services to the suffering humanity, particularly downtrodden ever from the time he joined Mahathma Gandhi. Gandhi and Vinoba are two sides of one and the same coin. Words and thoughts of Gandhiji were like aphorisms and only vinoba could interpret Gandhiji’s and give new dimensions to that to suit the need of the day by probing, analyzing and explicating the depth of meanings hidden in them
and translate them in to action using the touch-stone of Non- violence in solving the socio economic problems of India and the world. Deeply religious, a great philosopher and linguist, from his scholarship noble treatises could be produced as Swaraj Shastra. Gospel on Gita, Selection of Japuji, Dhamma Pad, Quran, Bible and other texts like Guru Bodh which form precious contribution, to the eternal treasure of Human values meant for a harmonious life of mutual understanding and solidarity. This was meant to usher in a decentralized Gandhian society of equality fraternity and prosperity where eternal harmony would prevail. Millions of Sarvodaya Samaj Members, peace loving multitudes and more than one thousand Sarvodaya centers were guided by Vinoba unto his last. Actually, his Bhoodan Yatra was a Walking University. Most of the present day eminent Gandhi Vinoba thinkers, selfless leaders of non-violent struggles and dedicated social workers and lovers of non-violence evolved out of Vinoba’s walking university as future torch bearers of Gandhi-Vinoba revolutionary system of education. Vinoba believed that the whole community could be transformed by bringing about a peaceful revolution for the establishment of a ‘Sarvodaya Society’. For this he initiated the formation of Sarvodaya Samaj a world wide organization of sarvodaya workers who accepted purity of means to achieve the end. Vinoba’s thoughts on Gandhian Philosophy, Education and social life denoted a harmonious blending of head and heart. On Gandhiji’s Assassination in 1948, a higher sense of duty prompted him to take the cross on his shoulders and to set out to realize Gandhiji’s unfulfilled dream of Economic equality. He rose to the horizon as a spiritual luminary shedding rays of light a nd hope in the country that was enveloped in darkness and gloom leading the youth on the path of non – violence. He inspired the whole country to a spirit of sacrifice and voluntary surrender of private ownership of land at a time when Indian Society was at the verge of annihilation due to violent terrorist activities bloodshed & massacres in Hyderabad. Gandhian tradition of trusteeship, Bhoodan and Gramdan Movements for equitable distribution of land and wealth constituted this economic revolution. At the time in Hyderabad, in the name of economic revolution to grab land for the landless violence and massacres resulted in a vast ocean of blood that could have swallowed up the whole country if Vinoba had not launched the land gift movement / Bhoodan Yajna.
Land owners willingly surrendered their ownership and distributed land to the landless agricultural laborers through love and non-violence. Saint Vinoba walked through out the length and breadth of India for 14 years, 44 millions acres of land and 50 thousand Gramdans could be collected for landless labourers through love and non–violence. Ultimately the movement paved the way for land ceiling in India and people calmly accepted it. By the time Vinoba finally entered in to silent seclusion, Bhoodan Yajna had already taken the shape of Gramdan, Talukdan and even District and State Dan. Finally all the activities merged into Grama Swaraj Movement meaning ‘Village Self Sufficiency’ and ‘Village Self Govt’. towards Gandhiji’s dream of Sarvodaya Social order of decentralized society where an ideal social order of love, peace, equality and fraternity is visualized for the whole world community as an answer to the present day competition, hatred and violence. For dedicated rural services, Sarvodaya Mandals and Santi Sena were established for maintenance of peace in the community.